Minor Irrigation deals with investigation and execution of Minor Irrigation Sources of ayacut up to 5000 Ac. Minor Irrigation plays an important role in the development of agriculture and livelihoods particularly in drought prone areas and areas outside command of Major and Medium projects.
Minor Irrigation is providing irrigation facilities to increase the agriculture production by means of creating new ayacut, stabilizing the existing ayacut of 25.60 lakh acres beside maintenance of these sources and also provides drinking water to villages during summer season.
In Minor Irrigation wing of Irrigation Department of Andhra Pradesh, there are nearly 6361 Nos of M.I tanks (ayacut > 40 Ha) including other sources such as anicuts and open head channels to serve the registered ayacut of 17.59 Lakh Acres. In addition to this the erstwhile Panchayath Raj tanks 35,376 Nos ( Ayacut < 40 Ha) having registered ayacut 8.01 Lakh Acres were transferred to Irrigation Department from Panchayath Raj Department in 2005. As such the Minor Irrigation Department has to maintain all the above tanks of 41,737 Nos with a total registered ayacut of 25.60 Lakh Acres. Thus Minor Irrigation happens to be a major source of Irrigation in significant areas of the State.
The total registered ayacut 25.60 Lakh Acres is not being irrigated every year and hence the gap ayacut is being increased year by year and the average gap ayacut is approximately 57% of total registered ayacut. The year wise irrigated ayacut particulars as under.
|Ayacut Irrigated during previous years|
|I. Total ayacut under MI Sector is 25.60 Lakhs Acres under 41,737 Sources.|
|II. The ayacut irrigated during 2008-09 is 9.03 Lakh Acres,|
|III. The ayacut irrigated during 2009-10 is 6.81 Lakh Acres,|
|IV. The ayacut irrigated during 2010-11 is 9.97 Lakh Acres,|
|V. The ayacut irrigated during 2011-12 is 11.27 Lakh Acres,|
|VI. The ayacut irrigated during 2012-13 is 13.43 Lakh Acres|
|VII. The ayacut irrigated during 2013-14 is 11.56 Lakh Acres|
|VIII. The ayacut irrigated during 2014 Khariff is 10.02 Lakh Acres.|
|The reasons for gap ayacut|
|a) Decrease in inflows to the tank due to inadequate rainfall, upstream obstructions, poor conditions of feeder channels.|
|b) Decrease in storage due to silting etc.|
|c) Deterioration of physical system for eg. Breaches in bund, poor condition of bund with unstable slopes, non-uniform TBL, improper condition of surplus systems. Defunct or inadequate functioning of sluices.|
|d) Poor Canal System|
|e) Poor Water use efficiency due to mono cropping of water intensive crops, improper distribution and scheduling of water to cover the entire ayacut.|
Minor Irrigation Sector is taking up large scale activities under two basic Categories to bridge the gap ayacut
|1. Sustaining & stabilizing the huge existing irrigation potential of nearly 25.60 lakh acres by Renovation, Restoration, Repairs and Maintenance.|
|2. Creation of New Irrigation facilities under new tanks / sources.|
|The ultimate objective of the department is to|
|a) Restoring the existing M.I sources to original standards where necessary|
|b) For stabilizing the irrigation potential created.|
|c) Controlling the wastage of water through water conservation plans and better water management plans.|
|d) Bridging the gap ayacut.|
|Activities to be taken up|
|I. The surplus basins and deficit basins are to be identified and water is to be diverted from the surplus basins to deficit basins, to stabilize the gap ayacut.|
|II. Detailed investigation of cascades of Minor Irrigation tanks from ridge to valley.|
|III. Prepare detailed estimates for restoration to original standards.|
|IV. Restoring the existing Minor irrigation sources by taking up de-silting of tanks, arresting the leakages from bund, weir & sluices etc., and restoring irrigation channels, filed channels, canal structures to original standards.|
|The following activities are proposed for making most efficient use of the water conserved in respect of minor irrigation.|
|1. Repairs to water harvesting structures.|
|2. De-Silting of tanks.|
|3. Breach restoration works.|
|4. Identification of cascades and improvements.|
|5. Restoration of existing tanks.|
|6. Repairs & Renovation of water bodies.|
|7. Preventing further siltation.|
|8. Construction of water harvesting structures to avoid siltation.|
|9. Improve water use efficiency by lining of canals up to field channels.|
All the above activities are proposed to be taken up under various schemes such as
1)NSP 2) NABARD 3) AIBP 4) RRR 5) MGNREGS 6) APILIP 7) TIS 8) TRIAD
1) Normal State Plan
Normal plan includes construction of new schemes and restoration of existing schemes with plan funds. During the current financial year 2015-16, Government has allocated an amount of Rs. 74.76 Crores and additional budget allocated is 185.94 Crores towards normal plan works. Expenditure incurred for as on today is Rs.199.48 Crores (Desilting works of Rs. 195.41 Crores+ Non Desilting works of Rs.4.07 Crores).
The target for the year 2015-16 is 1952 No's of tanks costing Rs.305.77 Crores for stabilizing an ayacut of 2,13,989 Acres.
2) Scheduled Cast Sub Plan (SCSP)
The AP SCSP & TSP Act, 2013 has come in to force from April, 2013. As per the above Act all the Ongoing and New SCSP schemes to be taken up under the financial year are to be approved by the Nodal Agency for SCSP. The Government has accorded permission to continue the balance spillover 207 nos of works at a cost of Rs 15.39 crores vide Govt Memo dt 09.03.2015. These works are at different stages of progress. Further ongoing 190 works at a cost of Rs.27.01 Crores were also submitted to Govt for obtaining approval of Nodal Agency and Nodal agency has agreed to sanction these works and recommended for approval of state council for SC's and ST's. These 190 works will be taken up and completed after obtaining approval from state council for SC's and ST's. An amount of Rs.13.277 crores is provided in the Budget 2015-16 under SCSP programme. The expenditure incurred so far during 2015-16 is Rs. 93.40 lakhs up to 8/2015.
3) Tribal Area Sub Plan (TSP)
The AP SCSP&TSP Act, 2013 has come in to force from April, 2013. As per the above Act all the Ongoing and New TSP schemes to be taken up under the financial year are to be approved by the Nodal Agency. 217 works approved by Nodal Agency during 2013-14 and spill over to 2015-16 at a cost of Rs.28.97 Crores were submitted to Government for obtaining permission to ground and complete these works during F.Y 2015-16. The Government has submitted the proposals to Nodal Agency for their approval. Out of 217 works, the Nodal Agency has permitted to take up 41 works in Kadapa District at a cost of Rs. 2.91 crores and 1 work in Chittoor District at a cost of Rs. 4.50 lakhs. The approval for balance 175 works is awaited. Further ongoing 51 works at a cost of Rs.2.25 Crores were also submitted to Government for obtaining approval from Nodal Agency. The approval of Nodal Agency is awaited. An amount of Rs. 19.055 Crores is provided in the Budget 2015-16 under TSP programme. The expenditure incurred so far during 2015-16 is Rs. 121.48 lakhs up to 8/2015. 15-16 is 709.46 Crores including establishment charges of Rs.175.05 Crores.
National Agricultural Bank for Rural Development (NABARD) is assisting the state government in construction of new Minor Irrigation Schemes under Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF). Financing the schemes started in the year 1995-96 and being continued under different tranches from RIDF-I to XXI.
NABARD has closed the Tranches up to XI before Jan 2012. Tranche XII, XIII and XIV were closed by NABARD in Jan-2013 as per HPC(High Power Committee) recommendations. Now Tranches XV to XX are in progress.
RIDF - XVI & XVII Tranche
In Tranche XVI & XVII , 11 works are in progress with an estimate cost of Rs.4417 Lakh. i.e., 7 Works in Chittoor, 2 Works in Kurnool, 1 work in Srikakulam and 1 work in Vizianagaram.
The expenditure incurred for 11 Works till date is Rs. 1459.28 Lakh. The Balance amount required for completion of 11 works is Rs. 2958.13 Lakhs.
RIDF - XX Tranche
The Government has accorded administrative approval vide G.O.N 5 I& CAD (MIG) Dept 20-01-2015 for 49 Minor irrigation Projects under RIDF - XX Tranche to benefit an ayacut of 23406 acres with an estimated cost of Rs 10755.59 lakhs out of which Rs 10217.81 lakhs is NABARD Loan under RIDF - XX and Govt of Andhra Pradesh share is Rs 537.78 lakhs. For 32 projects agreement are concluded with the agency and work is in progress and remaining 17 Projects are at various stages of Agreement to be concluded , tender process and Technical sanction.
RIDF - XXI Tranche
The Prosposal for 41 Projects costing Rs 5694.80 lakhs stabilizing an aycut of 16486 acres were sent to finance Dept for according administrative approval under RIDF-XXI Tranche.
Budget provision for NABARD during 2015-16 is Rs 7273.80 Lakhs. The Expenditure incurred till to date is 47.47 lakhs and the balance available in Budget Estimate is Rs 7226.33 lakhs as on today.
Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP)
For the first time the Government of India have extended AIBP grant to AP in Minor Irrigation Sector. Schemes situated in Tribal and Drought prone area are considered for sanction. In First phase, 8 Nos of schemes costing Rs. 32.81 Crores to create an ayacut of 10,925 acres are sanctioned. In second phase, 2 Nos of schemes costing Rs. 48.51 Crores to create an ayacut of 8839 acres are sanctioned. The Schemes sanctioned under AIBP are with 90% grant component. So for, the expenditure incurred is Rs.4.77 Crores. Budget proposed for the year 2015-16 is Rs.81.21 Crores including RRR.
Repair, Renovation and Restoration of Water Bodies
The Govt. of India and in turn Government of Andhra Pradesh have sanctioned an amount of Rs.91.45 Crores to take up Repair, Renovation, and Restoration for 342 water bodies for stabilization of total ayacut 100832 acres in five Districts of Andhra Pradesh (Anantapuram, Chittoor, Kadapa, kurnool and Srikakulam). By Aug.2015, 291 schemes were completed with stabilized ayacut of 73528 acres. Now 38 schemes are in progress, 8works are terminated and another 5 works are not started and hence proposed for termination. Expenditure incurred is Rs.44.54 Crores. Budget proposed for the year 2015-16 is Rs.81.21 Crores including AIBP.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS)
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is one of Government of India's flagship programmes. It aims at providing employment to unskilled workers while creating durable assets in rural areas. Government has accorded Administrative approval vide G.O.Ms.No.19 I&CAD (MIG.1) Dept. Dt.12.2.2013 to a tune of Rs.203.30 Crores for 2364 No of works in 12 Districts of Andhra Pradesh out of which 1155 No. of works are completed to stabilize an ayacut of 77533Ac. Expenditure of Rs. 81.72 Cr was incurred on these works.
JICA Assisted APILIP
JICA Phase - I
The Andhra Pradesh Irrigation and livelihood Improvement project (APILIP) supported by Japan International Cooperative Agency (JICA) is under implementation from 1st April 2007. The loan Agreement was signed on 26th March -2007 and the loan was effected from 11th July 2007. The main objectives of the project are to increase production of agriculture and improve the living standards of the farmers in the project area by constructing the reservoirs and modernization of existing irrigation systems, utilizing the scarce water resources efficiently and ensuring equitable assured water supply to the designed command area.
The project is for proposed for six years (from April-2007 to March-2013). The revised time line for the completion of the project is up to July -2014. The loan period is 9 years since 2007.
Under JICA Phase-I only one work pertains to Minor Irrigation was taken up i.e., the work â Formation of new tank across Suddavagu near G. Mekapadu (Bayanapalem) Village, Kandukur (M), Prakasham Dt vide Proc. No: Com/ CAD / DEE-II / 638/ 2008 dated 02-02-2009 for Rs. 167.00 Lakhs under APILIP. The work of formation of new tank is completed and excavation of field channels is held up due to non acquisition of land. The total expenditure incurred is Rs. 164.71 Lakhs against revised sanctioned amount of Rs. 179.09 Lakhs. An amount of Rs. 7.50 Lakhs is deposited to RDO Kandukur and balance of Rs. 21.50 Lakhs is required for completion of LA of 13.78 Acres.
JICA Phase -II A
Proposals for construction of 9 Nos (1 No in Chittoor Dist, 2 Nos in Prakasham, 2 Nos in Guntur Dist and 4 Nos in Srikakulam Dist.) new mini reservoirs / Anicuts were submitted to the State Project Director (SPD) contemplated to serve an ayacut of 4345 Ha (10,736 Acres) with an estimated amount of 109.86 Crores and the same are under consideration.
JICA Phase -II B
It is proposed to construct 150 Nos of new tanks to irrigate an ayacut of 18750 Ha (46331 Acres) with an estimated cost of Rs. 563.00 Crores.
4) Development of Tank Information System (TIS)
The Development of Tank Information System (TIS) in the State of Andhra Pradesh is carried out through Andhra Pradesh State Remote Sensing Applications Centre (APSARAC), Hyderabad. A Budget provision of Rs. 10.00 lakhs has been allocated for development of the Project during 2015-16. The study gives the information on District wise tank memoir details and other relevant information such as basin details, total yield available, utilization and balance available & Ground water scenario.
TRIAD Project Study (Tank Reliant Irrigated Area Development)
TRIAD Project is proposed to linkage of Minor Irrigation Tanks i.e., Cascade system and to construct new tanks in the districts Anantapur, Chittoor, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam where Minor Irrigation is contributing more than 50% of the total irrigated area.
The preparation of PPR's based on the catchment area studies integrating remote sensing, Global positioning system and Conventional Surface Hydrology data which are entrusted to APSRAC for an amount of Rs.542.68 lakhs for 8 districts in combined state.
The APSRAC has submitted the Draft PPR's of Chittoor, Anantapur, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam districts and an amount of Rs.4.00 Crore has paid to APSRAC as advance in combined state pending conclusion of memorandum of understanding.
After bifurcation 5 districts covered in Andhra Pradesh and 3 districts are covered in Telangana. The total amount 5 districts of A.P. is worked out for Rs.403.80 lakhs and share of amount paid to APSAC is worked to Rs.297.64 lakhs. The balance of Rs.106.16 lakhs is due for payment further this office instructed the Superintending Engineer, Irrigation Circle, Chittoor to conclude to agreement (MOU) for Rs.403.80 lakhs. The Superintending Engineer, Irrigation Circle, Chittoor has concluded MOU with APSAC on 06.07.2015 the draft PPRs received final PPRs are preparation under APSAC.
Role of Minor Irrigation Under Water Conservation Mission
Minor Irrigation is playing Major role in making the water conservation Mission successfully by implementing the following:
|a. Providing technical guidance to the rural Development Department in execution of NREGS works relating to water harvesting structures and soft moisture conservation works.|
|b. Detailed investigation of cascades of minor irrigation tanks from ridge to valley and prepare detailed estimates for restoration to original standards.|
|c. Prepare the catchment area, command area development treatment plans for all irrigation sources.|
|d. Increase the water use efficiency u8nder the existing sources by 20%.|
|e. Promoting conjunctive use of ground water and micro irrigation under well/ bore irrigation.|
|f. Water balance studies for optimizing the use of source and ground water to plan new irrigation works.|
Budget Allotted for 2015-16
Rs. In Crores
|S. No.||Name of the Scheme||Budget 2015-16|
Targets of both physical and financial during 2015-16
|No. of Sources||Gap Ayacut to be Stabilized|
|1||7287||3.13 Lakh acres||Rs. 2223 Cr|
The above physical and financial targets will be achieved by taking up the repairs, restoration and renovation of Minor Irrigation sources under different programmes.
The low hanging fruits available in the department
In Minor Irrigation Department, the benefits will be attained early i.e., by taking up repairs to the sources, the benefits will get in next cropping season immediately. The following is the plan of action to achieve low hanging fruits for the year 2015-16.
|1. It is proposed to take up repairs, restoration and renovation of 7287 Nos of Minor Irrigation sources.|
|2. Total estimated cost of 7287 sources is Rs. 2223 Crores.|
|3. Total gap ayacut to be stabilized / bridged is 3.13 Lakh Acres (57% of total ayacut of 5.49 Lakh Acres)|
|4. Total enhancement of annual productivity Rs. 1013 Cr.|
|5. Due to incurring expenditure of Rs. 2223 Cr on Minor Irrigation sources, the enhancement in annual productivity is 1013 Cr, and the productivity for 5 years would be Rs. 5065 Cr.|
|6. Likewise if the same type of action plan is implemented every year the above said productivity will be multiplied.|
1) Administrative procedural reforms
a. The activities such as identification, investigation and estimating the Minor Irrigation sources are to be taken up on war footing basis by entrusting the same to the external agencies to achieve the programmed targets.
b. The experienced technical personnel shall be employed on out sourcing basis wherever necessary.
2) Coordination with the district collectors:
a. The Minor Irrigation Department is already coordinating with District collectors in each activity of execution of works viz., according administrative approvals for emergency / FDR works and de-silting works under Neeru-Chettu, selection of RRR works in DLIC.
3) Financial and non-financial inputs
a. The financial inputs needed per year in average is Rs 2000 Cr to stabilize the total gap ayacut in next five years and also to create new ayacut.
II ) Growth engines in minor irrigation
|1) Effective and sustainable Irrigation infrastructure and its management.|
|2) Area of cropping land is to be increased duly bridging the gap ayacut|
|3) De-silting of tanks to increase the capacity of tank, to increase the ground table thereby increase the irrigated ayacut.|
|4) Increase in water use efficiency to irrigate more ayacut with minimum water.|
|5) Agricultural output is to be increased by better irrigation practices.|
|6) Water conservation and better water management.|
|7) Increase the role of farmers and ease the burden on Government.|
|8) Area planted with cash crops is to be increased considerably.|
|9) Value of Agricultural exports is to be increased.|
|10) Beneficiary income is to be increased.|
Key performance indicators
1) Irrigation of entire contemplated ayacut of 25.60 Lakh Acres.
2) Agricultural production which is output of irrigated agricultural system
3) Economic benefits derived from the Agricultural production.
District wise Targets in respect of the indicator Ayacut planned for Khariff 2015-16 under Minor Irrigation:
|Sno.||District||Target Gap Ayacut to be Bridged during 2015-16 in Acres||1St Quarter (Apr 2015 - Jun 2015)||2nd Quarter (Jul 2015 - Sep 2015)||3rd Quarter (Oct 2015 - Dec 2015)||4th Quarter(Jan 2016 - Mar 2016)|
|Anicuts & open head channels||68989||6899||13798||20697||27596|
|Or say in Lakh Acres||3.13||0.313||0.626||0.939||1.252|
District wise Progress in respect of the indicator Ayacut planned for Khariff 2015-16 under Minor Irrigation:
|Sl. No.||District||Ayacut stabilised in Acres Due to taking up Desilting works, repairs and construction of water harvesting structures|
|April - June||July - September As on 7-9-15|
Targets and Progress in respect of the indicator Ayacut planned for Khariff 2015-16 under Minor Irrigation:
|Sl. No.||Indicator||Unit of Measurement||April - June||July - September||Oct - Dec||Jan - March|
|Target||Progress||Target||Progress by the end of August||Target||Target|
|1||Gap Ayacut to be Bridged under Minor Irrigation||in 000 Acres||31.300||37.000||62.600||36.330||93.900||125.200|
1. Unit of Measurement is in Thousand Acres.
2. The progress as on 30-06-2015 is 37,000 Acres (37.00 Thousand Acres)
3. The cumulative progress as on 07-09-2015 is 73330Acres (73.330 Thousand Acres)
Statement Showing the Ayacut Details Under Minor Irrigation
|Sno.||District||Total Registered Ayacut in Acres||Ayacut Irrigated in Kharif 2014||Gap Ayacut in Acres||Proposed Gap Ayacut to be Bridged during the year|
|Anicuts & open head channels||354234||41507||312727||62545||61489||60458||61545||66690|
|Or say in Lakh Acres||25.6||9.96||15.64||3.13||3.03||3.05||3.14||3.29|